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The Record of Homo sapiens

DESCRIPTION: The second of five pages on Ideas (one of the Field Nodes comprising the subject tree of The Telson Spur), this page is a list of links to on-line resources in the study of Western history and world history. The coordinate pages, with a common header and List of Contents, contain links to resources for the study of history in general (including prehistory), and links to resources in documentation (including library science and museums).

KEYWORDS: history; historiography; archaeology; civilization; West; ancient civilization; classical civilization; Greece; Rome; medieval history; Europe; modern history; Renaissance; Enlightenment; revolution; world history; idea

Progress was all right; it only went on too long.

James Thurber
[Up] [Down] List of Contents
  1. History
    Archaeology and Prehistory
    History of the West
    World History

  2. Documentation
    Library and Information Science
    Museums and Exhibits

Religion Art History Literature Humanities Philosophy
History of Science Cosmology Technology Computers PC History
Space History Future Palaetiology Timelines Net History
E-Text Books On-line Encyclopaedias Library Search Net Resources

History (cont.)

History of the West
World History

And for all this, nature is never spent;
There lives the dearest freshness deep down things;
And though the last lights off the black West went
Oh, morning, at the brown brink eastward, springs...

Gerard Manley Hopkins


History of the West

Ancient History
Classical and Medieval History
Modern History

How our life would be changed if we could see that Greek geometry and the Christian faith have sprung from the same source!
Simone Weil

History: General and Old World (VL)
Empires: People and Passions That Changed the World (PBS Series)
Search Arts & Humanities - History - Ancient/Medieval (Internet Sleuth)
History of Western Civilization (Ellis L. Knox)
Western Civilization (Konnilyn Feig)
Western Civilization Chronology (WebChron)
Western Civilization Student Resource Center (Houghton Mifflin)
Western Culture (Alex K. Schiller)
Creative Impulse: The Artist's View of World History and Western Civilization (Nancy B. Mautz)
Europe (Hanover College)
Europe/Russia/Eastern Europe (Dennis Boals)
Historical Research in Europe: A Guide to Archives and Libraries
(U of Wisconsin Digital Content Group)
Information Association: European History
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Online $
-- Free Oxford DNB
Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe (Christos Nüssli)
The City in European History
(Robert W. Brown, HST 435, UNC Pembroke)
Yale Library: European History & West European Studies
Western European Specialists Section (ACRL)
British History Online (University of London)
Discoverers Web (Andre Engels)


Ancient History

The Ancient Near East
Ancient Egypt

Academic Info: Ancient History (Mike Madin)
Accessing the Ancient World (K. C. Hanson)
AHOB II: Ancient Britain in its European Context (Ancient Human Occupation of Britain, dir. Chris Stringer, Natural History Museum, London)
Ancient Civilisations (Microfusion, Australia)
Ancient Civilizations (Discovery Channel On TV)
Ancient Civilizations (Jim Perry, History Online)
Ancient Civilizations - Ancient History Links
(Killeen Harrker Heights, Texas)
Ancient/Classical History (N. S. Gill, About.com)
Ancient History (NISS Directory of Networked Resources)
Ancient History and Archaeology (Bruce J. Butterfield)
Ancient Lands Encyclopedia (David Chamberlain)
AncientScripts.com (Lawrence K. Lo)
Ancient Web Sites (Hanover College)
The Ancient World (Konnilyn Feig)
Ancient World (Rowan Fairgrove)
Ancient World Links (Social Studies School Service)
Ancient World Mapping Center (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
The Ancient World on Television (North America)
Ancient World Open Bibliographies (Phoebe Acheson et al.)
The Ancient World Web (Julia Hayden)
APIS, Advanced Papyrological Information System
(Columbia University)
AWOL - The Ancient World Online (Charles Jones)
BBC - Ancient History
BUBL LINK: 930 History of ancient world
Daily Life in Ancient Civilizations (Lin & Don Donn)
Digital Librarian: Classics & Ancient World
Diogenes' Links to the Ancient World
Diotima: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World (Ross Scaife)
Exploring Ancient World Cultures
Forum Antiquum (Erik Kondratieff)
From Silk to Oil: Cross-Cultural Connections Along the Silky Roads (ed. Martin Amster, China Institute Programs for Educators, 2005)
HistoryLine: The Ancient World - Sumeria, Egypt, Greece, Rome (Todd Fletcher)
Histos: The New Electronic Journal of Ancient Historiography
In Search of Ancient Ireland | PBS
(prod. Ronnie Godeanu, 12-26 Jun 2002)
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook (Paul Halsall)

Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts Web (Timothy W. Seid)
Librarians' Index to the Internet - History - Ancient
Links2Go: Ancient History
Mr Donn's Ancient History Page (Lin & Don Donn)
The Mysterious Bogpeople (Drents Museum, Assen)
Odyssey Online (Patricia Cain Rodewald et al.)
Old Civilization (Tony Smith)
Origins of Writing Home Page (David F. Lancy & Monica Stapley, et al.)
The Silk Road (Oliver Wild, 1992)
Silk Road Seattle (dir. Daniel C. Waugh et al.)
The Silk Road: Trade, Travel, War and Faith
(The British Library)
Study WEB: Ancient Civilization
The World of Ancient Civilizations (David White)

Mediterranean Archaeological Resources (Ioannis Georganas)
Mediterranean History Sources (Carol Oakes)
The Interactive Ancient Mediterranean Project


The Ancient Near East

Abzu: Guide to Resources for the Study of the Ancient Near East (Charles E. Jones, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)
The Ancient Middle East and Near East (Edward Pawlicki)
Ancient Near East and the Mediterranean World
(University of Chicago Library)
Ancient Near East Map Series (Oriental Institute)
AncientNearEast.net (ed. Paul James Cowie, Macquarie University)
The Assos Excavations (Archaeological Institute of America, Archaeology, Dec 2006-Jul 2008)
EAWC: The Ancient Near East
ECAI Iraq Home Page (Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, UC Berkeley)
ETANA | Electronic Tools and Ancient Near Eastern Archives
(Vanderbilt University)
JNES Electronic Edition (Journal of Near Eastern Studies)
Musée Achéménide (College de France, Paris)
Oriental Institute Research Archives (Chicago)
-- On-Line Catalogue
Oriental Institute Virtual Museum (Near East)
Recommended Readings on the Ancient Near East
(Oriental Institute)

Ancient Mesopotamia (William Penn Charter School)
Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)
Archaeologists Investigate Iraqi Marshes for Origins of Mesopotamian Cities (US National Science Foundation Press Release 11-066, 31 Mar 2011)
The Fertile Crescent (MSU EMuseum)
Internet Resources on Mesopotamia (Richard Hooker et al., WSU)
Iraq - The Cradle of Civilization at Risk (Ralf Blank et al., H-Museum, 21 Mar 2003)
Lost Treasures from Iraq (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)
The Megiddo Expedition (Israel Finkelstein et al.)
Mesopotamia (John Heise, Akkadian Cuneiform, Ch II)
Mesopotamia (Nancy B. Mautz, Creative Impulse)
Mesopotamia (Paul Halsall, Internet Ancient History Sourcebook)
Mesopotamia - The British Museum
Mesopotamia Web: Mesopotamian Art and Archaeology
(Providence College)

Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (UCLA)
The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (Oxford)
The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary Web Site
(Melinda Gottesman)
Sumerian Text Archive (ed. Bram Jagersma & Remco de Maaijer, Leiden)
Hittite Home Page (ASOR)
Mysteries of Çatalhöyük (Çatalhöyük Research Project)
The Jerusalem Archaeological Park (Israel Antiquities Authority)


Ancient Egypt

Akhet Egyptology: The Horizon to the Past (Iain Hawkins)
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt (The British Museum)
Ancient Egypt (Edward Pawlicki)
Ancient Egypt (EXN.ca)
Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple (Christina Paul)
Ancient Egypt: Lesson Plans for Teachers
(Detroit Institute of Art)
Ancient Egypt TV Theme - Discovery Channel School
Ancient Egypt WebSite (MSU E-Museum)
Anthony's Egyptology and Archaeology (Anthony C. DiPaolo)
Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to the Ancient World
(Art Institute of Chicago)
CMCC - Mysteries of Egypt (Canadian Museum of Civilization)
Corkankhamun Explains Mummification
EAWC: Ancient Egypt

Egypt Antiquities & Ancient Egypt Information (Tour Egypt)
Egypt Beyond the Pyramids (History Channel)
Egyptian Study Society
The Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities
Egyptology Links (Margie Knauff & Lisa Speckhardt)
Egyptology Resources
Egypt Revealed - Archaeology, Travel and Adventure
(ed. Jeff D. Leach)
Egypt: Secrets of an Ancient World
(Paula Willard et al., National Geographic)
EgyptWorld (Tobias Kohler et al., ThinkQuest)
Eternal Egypt (Cairo)
EternityTravel.com (Museum of Science, Boston)
Fascinating Egyptian Mummies (Museum of Civilisation, Quebec)
The Giza Plateau Mapping Project
(Mark Lehner et al., Oriental Institute)
Guardian's Egypt
Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Hieroglyphs! A Web Guide and Directory to Egyptian Hieroglyphs (Tim Spalding)
Information on Ancient Egypt (Anthro.Net)
The Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology (Memphis)
Lost Egyptian Cities (Times Online Special, 6 Jun 2000)

MFA - An Ancient Eyptian Exhibit
(Museum of Fine Arts, Houston)
Mummies of Ancient Egypt (Anne Noakes)
Mut Precinct (Brooklyn Museum)
The Mysteries of Ancient Egypt (Mills Lawn Elementary School, Yellow Springs, Ohio)
The 1905-1907 Breasted Expeditions to Egypt and the Sudan: A Photographic Study (Oriental Institute , University of Chicago)
NOVA | Building Pharaoh's Ship (Stephane Begoin et al., PBS, 12 Jan 2010)
NOVA | The Mummy Who Would Be King (PBS, 3 Jan 2006)
NOVA Online | Mysteries of the Nile (PBS)
NOVA Online | Pyramids -- The Inside Story
NOVA | Riddles of the Sphinx (Gary Glassman, PBS, 19 Jan 2010)
The Petrie Museum of Egyption Archaeology
(University College London)
Pharaonic Arts of Egypt (Mark L. Walston)
Pharaohs of the Sun: Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamen
The Quest for Immortality: Treasures of Ancient Egypt
(National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.)
Ramesses I: The Search for the Lost Pharaoh (Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta)
Theban Mapping Project (coord. Brendhan Hight, American University in Cairo)
The Tomb of Senneferi (Nigel Strudwick)
Tutankhamun: Anatomy of an Excavation (Griffith Institute, Oxford)
Unraveling the Mysteries of King Tutankhamun
(National Geographic Magazine)
Unwrapped: The Mysterious World of Mummies
(TLC, 3 Dec 2000)
Who Was Who Among the Royal Mummies (Edward F. Wente)


Classical and Medieval History

Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Medieval History

Ancient Medieval Studies Reading Room
Claremont Consortium for Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Classics and Mediterranean Archaeology
Early History News (Elena)
The Online Medieval and Classical Library
(Douglas B, Killings, DL SunSITE)

Academic Info: Classical Studies (Mike Madin)
Archaeological World in Roman & Greek period
(Shmuel Magal, Israel)
Archaeology Photography Media Archive - Sites & Photos
(Shmuel Magal, Israel)
Atlas of Greek and Roman World
(Classical Atlas Project, UNC)
The Atrium: For Devotees of Ancient Greece & Rome
(David Meadows)
The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (ed. Richard Hamilton et al.)
Classical Language Instruction Project
(Christian Wildberg, Princeton University)
Classical Studies (Voice of the Shuttle)
Classical Studies Electronic Library (UWELib)
Classics (UCSB InfoSurf)
Classics Collections (Blake Landor, UF Smathers Libraries)
The Classics Page at Ad Fontes Academy
The Classics Pages (Andrew Wilson)
Classics Subject Guide
Classics Technology Center
Classics Unveiled (Neil Jenkins et al.)
Classics Webliography (LSU)
Digital Atlas of Roman and Medieval Civilization (ed. Michael McCormick et al., Harvard University)
Electronic Resources for Classicists (Maria C. Pantelia)

Flavii Magistri Pagina Domestica Classica (John M. McMahon)
ILTweb: LiveText: Classical Studies
Internet Resources in Classical Studies
(New School Libraries)
Isidore of Seville's Classical Library (Tim Spalding)
Maecenas: Images of Ancient Greece and Rome
(Leo C. Curran)
On-Line Survey of Audio-Visual Resources for Classics
(Janice Siegel)
Penn Library-Classics
Resources for Classics (Susan A. Davi, University of Delaware)
UCB Internet and Electronic Resources in Classics and Classical Archaeology
Union Institute Research Engine -- The Classics and Classical Studies
The Vergil Project Home Page
Women in the Greek and Roman World
(Laurel Bowman, GRS 335, UVic)
Yale Library Selected Internet Resources: Classics


Ancient Greece

The Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean
(Jeremy B. Rutter et al., Dartmouth College)
KAPATIJA: Aegean Information Sites (John Younger)
Aegean Dendrochronology Project (Peter Ian Kuniholm et al.)
Ancient Greek Civilizations (Jennifer Taylor, MSU EMuseum)
Foundation of the Hellenic World
Metis: A QTVR Interface for Ancient Greek Archaeological Sites
(Bruce Hartzler)
Perseus Project: An Evolving Digital Library
(ed. Gregory Crane et al, Tufts University)
-- Oxford Mirror

Alexander the Great on the Web (ed. Tim Spalding)
Ancient City of Athens (Kevin T. Glowacki & Nancy L. Klein)
Ancient Greece (The British Museum)
Ancient Greece (Jim Perry, History Online)
Ancient Greece Timeline (BBC Schools)
Ancient Greek Civilization (Edward Pawlicki)
Ancient Greek (Hellenic) Links on the World-Wide Web
The Ancient Greek World (UPenn Museum)
The Ancient Olympic Games Virtual Museum
(Dartmouth College)
The Ancient Olympics (Perseus Project)
Ancient Olympics (UPenn Museum)
Archaeonia - A Journey through Ancient Greece (Christos Thomas Vlamis, University of Portsmouth)
The Culture & Archaeology of Ancient Greece (Anthro.Net)
EAWC: Ancient Greece
Greece: Ancient History
(NISS Directory of Networked Resources)
Greek Grammar on the Web (Marc Huys, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium)
The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization (PBS)
Herodotus on the Web (Tim Spalding)
The Library of Alexandria (Ellen N. Brundige)
Questioning the Delphic Oracle (John R. Hale et al., Scientific American 289:2:66-73, Aug 2003)


Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome (Edward Pawlicki)
Ancient Rome (Jim Perry, History Online)
Ancient World of Rome (Callie Williamson)
De Imperatoribus Romanus: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors (Michael DiMaio et al.)
Digital Roman Forum (Cultural Virtual Reality Laboratory, UCLA)
EAWC: Ancient Rome
Forum for Latin Teachers: On-Line Resources
Forum Romanum (David Camden)
Hadrian's Wall
History of the Roman Empire (Andrea Thomas)
Illustrated History of the Roman Empire
InteractiveDig Sagalassos: City in the Clouds (Marc Waelkens & Tijl Vereenooghe, Archaeology)
Jay's Roman History, Coins and Technology Site (Jay King)
LacusCurtius: Into the Roman World (Bill Thayer)
Latin Language (Janet Burns, About.com)
The Plasenzuela Project (Robert G. Schmidt et al., USGS)
Pompeii: Portents of Disaster (Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, BBC, 23 Sep 2003)
Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption (The Field Museum, Chicago)
Retiarius: Commentarii Periodici Latini
(mod. Terence O. Tunberg)

Roman Empire (Anthro.Net)
The Roman Empire (Chloe Mulvihill et al., Dublin)
The Roman Empire in the First Century
(Margaret Koval & Lyn Goldfarb, PBS, Jul 2001)
The Roman Kalendar (Theodore Earl Mayes)
Roman Law Resources (ed. Ernest Metzger, University of Aberdeen)
The Roman Map of Britain (Thomas G. Ikins)
Rome: Ancient History
(NISS Directory of Networked Resources)
RomeReborn (Bernard Frischer & Diane Favro et al., Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia)
Rome: Republic to Empire (Barbara McManus)
Rome Resources
Stanford Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project Home
Timeline: Ancient Rome (David Neelin)
Trajan's Column (Peter Rockwell et al., McMasters)
Vindolanda Tablets Online (Alan Bowman et al.)
VRoma: A Virtual Community for Teaching and Learning Classics (MOO)


Medieval History

Worlds of Late Antiquity (O'Donnell)
Byzantium (University of Michigan)
Byzantium: The Byzantine Studies Page (Paul Halsall)
Academic Info: Medieval & Byzantium History (Mike Madin)
Byzantine and Medieval Web Links (Paul Halsall)
Byzantium 1200 (A. Tayfun Öner & Albrecht Berger)

Angelcynn: Anglo-Saxon Living History 400 - 900 AD
The Camelot Project: Arthurian Texts, Images, Bibliographies and Basic Information (University of Rochester)
Castle Aphrodesia -- The Gallery (Emilie J. Conroy)
Digital Librarian: Medieval & Renaissance Studies
The Digital Medievalist Project: A Community of Practice for Medievalists Working with Digital Media (University of Lethbridge)
Early British Kingdoms Web Site (David Nash Ford)
EAWC: Medieval Europe
Ename 974
The End of Europe's Middle Ages: Fourteenth & Fifteenth Centuries (Kelly L. Morris & Martha Dinsmore, et al.)
Florilegium ubanum - Medieval English Urban History
(Stephen Alsford)
The Heroic Age: A Journal of Early Medieval Northwestern Europe
A History of the Crusades (University of Wisconsin Digital Collections)
Islam: Empire of Faith (prod./dir. Robert Gardner, PBS Empire Series)
The Islamic World to 1600 (Erica Fraster et al.)
The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
(Martin Irvine & Deborah Everhart)

Life in Medieval Times (Wellesley Middle School)
Links2Go: Medieval
The Medieval Academy of America
Medieval and Renaissance Studies (Yale University)
Medieval Feminist Index (Margaret Schaus)
Medieval Forum (ed. George W. Tuman & Dinah Hazell)
Medieval History - Life in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
(Melissa Snell, About.com)
Medievalists.net | Where the Middle Ages Begin (Peter Konieczny & Sandra Alvarez, Toronto)
Medieval News
Medieval Period Web Resources (Margaret Donovan)
Medieval/Renaissance History
(Melissa Snell, About.com)
Medieval Sourcebook (Paul Halsall)
Medieval Studies (Theresa Serant)
Medieval studies: Gateways, subject guides, and more (John Jaeger & Paul Victor Jr., C&RL News 66:4, Apr 2005)
Medieval Studies Theme Page (CLN)
Medieval Times (Jim Perry, History Online)

Medieval Web Sites (Hanover College)
Medieval Women (Bonnie Duncan)
Medieval Women - An Interactive Exploration
Medieval World (Edward T. Sullivan)
Medieval Writing: History, Heritage and Data Source
(Dianne Tillotson)
Merrie Haskell's King Arthur Page
The Middle Ages (Aaron Rice)
The Middle Ages (Chris Mitchell, Luther Burbank MS)
The Middle Ages (CPB/Annenberg Exhibits Collection)
Middle Ages (East Grand Rapids Middle School)
Middle Ages Links (Microfusion, Australia)
Monastic Matrix: A Scholarly Resource for the Study of Women's Religious Communities from 400 to 1600 CE (ed. Lisa M. Bitel & Katharine Gill et al.)
The Mongols in World History (Morris Rossabi et al., Columbia University)
Mostly Medieval (Susan Wallace)
Muslim Scientists and Islamic Civilization (A. Zahoor)
NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources
(ed. Andrea R. Harbin)

NOVA Online | The Vikings (PBS, 9 May 2000)
NOVA | The Viking Deception (Jonathan Dent et al., PBS, 8 Feb 2005)
Odin's Castle -- Medieval History (Paul Gwynn)
ORB -- Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Stanford Medieval and Modern Thought Text Project (ebrary)
TEAMS: The Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages (US)
TimeRef.org [Medieval Britain]
UCB Medieval Collections
The Viking Network
The Vikings (The Viking Network)
Vikings in the New World (MSU EMuseum)
Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga (NMNH)
The Virtual Guide to the Current Middle Ages
(Society for Creative Anachronism)
Vortigern Studies: British History 400-600 (Robert M. Vermaat)
WWW Medieval Resources


Modern History

The Nineteenth Century
The Twentieth Century

Internet Modern History Sourcebook (Paul Halsall)
TheOttomans.org (Korkut Ozgen)
Early Modern Culture: An Electronic Seminar (ed. Crystal Bartolovich & David Siar, The EServer, Iowa State University, Ames)
Early Modern Europe Web Sites (Hanover College)
Academic Info: Renaissance History (Mike Madin)
The Guide to the Renaissance
Links2Go: Renaissance
Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance | PBS
(Lion Television, 2003)
The Pestilence Tyme: England During the Plague of 1348-1350
(James L. Matterer)
Project Aldus: A Renaissance Archive and Resource Center
The Renaissance Faire
Renaissance Secrets (BBC)
Renaissance: What Inspired This Age of Balance and Order? (Annenberg/CPB Projects Learner Online)
Virtual Renaissance: A Journey Through Time (ThinkQuest)

Academic Info: Modern European History (Mike Madin)
American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement (Wisconsin Historical Society)
Binding Friendship: Ricci, China and Jesuit Cultural Leanings (Boston College)
Exploration and Discovery Home Page (Library of Congress)
Exploration through the Ages(The Mariners' Museum)
Explorers of the Millennium
Explorers Theme Page (Community Learning Network)
Exploring the Early Americas - Exhibits (Library of Congress)
Hidden Histories of Exploration (Royal Geographical Society, London)
Marine Navigation in the Age of Exploration (Seattle Art Museum)
Voyage of Exploration: Discovering New Horizons (ThinkQuest)
Voyages and Travels: Ancient and Modern (The Harvard Classics, Vol. 33, 1909-14)
Voyages of Discovery (The Natural History Museum, London)
Women Explorers Timeline (National Geographic)
The European Voyages of Exploration: The Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (V. R. LaLonde & Paul Chastko, et al.)
Passages: A Treasure Trove of North American Exploration
(Library and Archives Canada)
NOVA | Arctic Passage (Louise Osmond, PBS, 28 Feb 2006)
Zheng He's Voyages of Discovery (Richard Gunde, UCLA Asia Institute, 20 Apr 2004)
The Columbus Navigation Homepage (Keith A. Pickering)
1492: An Ongoing Voyage (Library of Congress, Washinton, DC)
The Conquistadors, with Michael Wood (PBS, 9 May 2000)
Spain, The United States, & The American Frontier: Historias Paralelas (Library of Congress Global Gateway)

Early Modern Resources, 1500-1800 (Sharon Howard)
Mediterranean Travel and Trade 1300-1800 (Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas)
Encompassing the Globe: Portugal and the World in the 16th and 17th Centuries (Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC)
Sixteenth Century Society and Conference
Life in Elizabethan England: A Compendium of Common Knowledge, 1558-1603 (Maggie Pierce Secara)
Renaissance, The Elizabethan World (Maggie Pierce Secara)
The Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake
(Library of Congress Global Gateway)
The Jamestown Online Adventure (Bob Dunn)
NOVA | Pocahontas Revealed (Matthew Collins, PBS, 8 May 2007)
African American History (Don Mabry)
The African-American Migration Experience
(Schomburg Center)
Africans in America (PBS)
The Britannica Guide to Black History
Gateway to African-American History (U.S. Dept. of State)
Spartacus Educational

The British Empire (Alexander H. Schulenburg)
The British Empire Gateway (Jane Samson)
National Portrait Gallery (London)
Romantic Chronology (ed. Laura Mandell & Alan Liu)
Romantic Circles (ed. Neil Fraistat et al.)
Romanticism on the Net (DateHookup.com)
Romanticism on the Net (ed. Michael Eberle-Sinatra, University of Montreal)
C18-L: Resources for 18th-Century Studies Across the Disciplines
C18-L's Selected Readings Home Page
History -- The 18th Century
(Richard Brainard, About.com)
18th Century History (Rick Brainard)
Eighteenth-Century Resources (Jack Lynch, Rutgers)
Eighteenth-Century Studies (The English Server)
Captain James Cook (1728-1779): Celebrated North Country Explorer (British Library)
The Captain Cook Society (Ian Boreham et al.)
South Seas - Voyaging and Cross-Cultural Encounters in the Pacific, 1760-1800 (Paul Turnbull & Chris Blackall et al., National Library of Australia)
DoHistory (Martha Ballard, 1735-1812)
The American Revolution (H-Net)
The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789 (Library of Congress)
The Declaration of Independence (Independence Hall Association, Philadelphia)
A Guide to the American Revolution, 1763-1783
(Kenneth Drexler, Library of Congress)
Liberty! The American Revolution (PBS)
The First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820
(American Memory, Library of Congress)
The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert (University of Michigan)
Mutiny on the HMS Bounty (Paul J. Lareau)
Learning Resources: The French Revolution, 1789-1799 (Warwick)
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution
(Jack R. Censer & Lynn Hunt, et al.)


The Nineteenth Century

HarpWeek - The 19th Century World (Harper's Weekly)
History - The 19th Century (Joanne Reid, About.com)
Links2Go: 19th Century
NINES (Networked Interface for Nineteenth-century Electronic Scholarship)
Exploration in the 19th Century (Arthur Owens)
Matthew Flinders Project
Banished to Botany Bay: Convict Transportation to Australia 1788-1852 (Elaine Burns et al., Edinburgh University)
Nineteenth Century Exploration of Australia
(Charles H. Smith & Jennifer Rakestraw)

Napoleon (PBS, 2000)
The Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guide (Paul Hilferink, NL)
The Napoleonic Guide (ed. Richard Moore et al.)
The Napoleon Series (International Napoleonic Society)
History--The American West (Gil Wimmer, About.com)
The American West
The American West (American Experience, PBS)
History of the American West (American Memory, Library of Congress)
A Literarary History of the American West
(Western Literature Association)
Old West Index Page (Jim Janke)
Western Trails: An Online Journey (Colorado Digitization Program)
Women of the West Museum
Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase (Michael Klein et al., American Memory from the Library of Congress)
Discovering Lewis and Clark (Harry W. Fritz)
Go West Across America with Lewis & Clark
(National Geographic, 1997)
The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
(University of Nebraska, Lincoln)
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial (Time Magazine, 8 Jul 2002)
Lewis and Clark Education Center (University of Montana)
Lewis & Clark Internet Archive (Jay Rasmussen)
Lewis & Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery
(Ken Burns, PBS, 1997)
Lewis & Clark: Mapping the West (Smithsonian)
Lewis & Clark: The National Bicentennial Exhibition
(Missouri Historical Society)
Lewis & Clark's Expedition - Curriculum Ideas & Education Resources (NWREL)
Lewis & Clark Trail Heritage Foundation Inc.
National Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Commemoration (National Council of the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial, St. Louis, Missouri)
Rivers, Edens, Empires: Lewis & Clark and the Revealing of America (Library of Congress Exhibition)
The Voyage of Discovery Continues: A Satellite View of the Journey of Lewis and Clark (USGS)
Streaming West: Railway Activity Westwards through Kansas, 1860-1890 (Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas)
Meeting of Frontiers (Library of Congress)
Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest (UWired Outreach)
The Canadian West (National Archives of Canada)

Westward by Sea: A Maritime Perspective on American Expansion,1820-1890 (American Memory, Library of Congress)
Freedom's Journal (1827-1829)
Democracy in America: Alexis de Tocqueville
The Amistad Case (NARA)
Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching Afrfican American History (Columbia University)
The Oregon Trail (Mike Trinklein & Steve Boettcher)
An Gorta Mór - The Great Hunger Archive (Quinnipiac University)
The Great Irish Famine (John Lefeber)
The Great Irish Famine: 1845-50 (Ann Gainer, University at Albany)
The Irish Famine (Authentic Ireland Travel)
The Irish Famine Photo Gallery (Gerald Horgan)
Irish Holocaust: The Mass Graves of Ireland
Views of the Famine (Steve Taylor)
Donner Online (Tom March)
Trails to Utah and the Pacific: Diaries and Letters, 1846-1869
(American Memory, Library of Congress)
Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions (James Chastain)
Gold, Greed & Genocide: The Story Of California's 1849 Gold Rush (Project Underground)
The Gold Rush
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record (Jerome S. Handler & Michael L. Tuite Jr.)
Slave Trade Archives (UNESCO-CI)
Priscilla's Homecoming (Valerie Tutson & Joseph Opala)
Lest We Forget | The Triumph Over Slavery
(New York Public Library)
2004: Slavery Abolition Year | International Year to Commemorate the Struggle Against Slavery and Its Abolition (UNESCO Culture Sector)
Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories (American Folklife Center, Library of Congress)
Antislavery (University of Massachusetts at Amherst)
Anti-Slavery and Women's Rights 1830-1845 (Old Sturbridge Village Historical Teaching Resources)
Sojourner Truth, Narrative of (1850)
The Dred Scott Case [6 March 1857] (Washington University in St. Louis)
Slavery by Another Name (documentary by Douglas A. Blackmon et al., PBS, 12 Feb 2012)
Emancipation: Shallow-buried stories of slavery in the South (Casey Cep, Aeon Magazine, 28 Oct 2013)
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
The Underground Railroad (National Geographic)
The Underground Railway. A Canadian Perspective on Slavery
(Francis Scardera, Quebec)
The Underground Railroad: Niagara's Freedom Trail
(Canada's Digital Collection Project)
Underground Railroad Online Experience
Underground Railroad: The struggle against slavery (Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, Detroit)
The Walk to Canada: Tracing the Underground Railroad (NPCA)
The Great Exhibition of 1851 (Bob Speel)
Black Ships & Samurai (John W. Dower & Shigeru Miyagawa, MIT)
The Orphan Train Collection, 1853-1929/30 (ed. D. Bruce Ayler)

American Experience | John Brown's Holy War (Robert Kenner & Ken Chowder, PBS, 1999)
The American Civil War (AmericanCivilWar.com)
The American Civil War, 1861-1865
The American Civil War Homepage (George H. Hoemann)
Civil War at the Smithsonian
The Civil War: A Film by Ken Burns (PBS, Sep 1990)
The Civil War Preservation Trust
Eye of the Storm (Journal E)
Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War, 1865
(Cornell University Library)
Sherman's March (dir. Rick King, The History Channel, A&E, 22 Apr 2007)
United States Civil War (Don Black & Harry Sova)
The U. S. Civil War Center (LSU)
Abraham Lincoln Research Site (Roger J. Norton)
American Experience | Reconstruction: The Second Civil War (Llewellyn M. Smith & Elizabeth Deane et al., PBS, 12-13 Jan 2004)
Challenger Expedition 1872-1876 (University of Kansas Natural History Museum)
Dictionary of Victorian London - Victorian History - 19th Century London - Social History
Victoriana, Resources for Victorian Living
The Victorian Web: An Overview (George P. Landow)
The Carlyle Letters Online: A Victorian Culture Reference (ed. Brent E. Kinser et al., Duke University Press)
Victoria Research Web
Victoria's Victoria (John Lutz et al., Victoria, B.C.)
viHistory.ca (ed. Patrick A. Dunae et al.)
Casebook: Jack the Ripper (Stephen P. Ryder)
The Klondike Gold Rush (Kathryn Morse)
The Barren Lands Digital Collection (University of Toronto Libraries)
The Nobel Prize Internet Archive


World History

The Twentieth Century

Anthro.Net Guide to World Civilizations (Eric J. White)
Bridging World History (video course, Oregon Public Broadcasting, 2004)
CBC Millennium - Homepage
Civilisations (BBC)
Collapse: how societies choose to fail or survive (Jared Diamond, Royal Society, London, 20 Jan 2005)
Collapse: Why Do Civilizations Fall? (Annenberg/CPB Project)
Conversations with History (Harry Kreisler, Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley)
Creative Impulse: The Artist's View of World History and Western Civilization (Nancy B. Mautz)
Discoverers Web Homepage (Andre Engels)
The Encyclopedia of World History (ed. Peter N. Stearns et al., Sixth Edition, Bartleby.com, 2001)
Expeditions and Discoveries - Sponsored Exploration and Scientific Discovery in the Modern Age (Open Collections Program, Harvard University Library)
Explorers of the World (Jamie McKenzie)
The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy (William Strauss & Neil Howe)
GATES, Global Access to Educational Sources - World History
(J. Kasper)
Gateway to World History
GlobalWeb 9 (Denise Ryder)
Great Web Sites for Kids: World History
(American Library Association)
Greenwich 2000: Millennium Timeline (The Second Millennium)

Historical & Cultural Atlas Resource (OSSHE)
Historical Notes (Tony Smith)
A History of the World (BBC/British Museum)
History of the World (Jennifer Rosenberg, About.com)
H-World Discussion Network
Images from World History (Haines Brown)
Internet Global History Sourcebook (Paul Halsall)
The Major Events in World History (HistoryCentral.com)
Milestones of the Millennium (History Channel)
Millennium: A Perspective Series (CNN)
-- Educator's Guide
Mr Donn's World History Page (Lin & Don Donn)
1000-2000 A Thousand Years (Christian Science Monitor)
Our World: Snapshots of the Global Arena (Konnilyn Feig)
Resources for the Study of World Civilization
(Paul Brians, Washington State University)
Study WEB: World History
TimeMaps Atlas of World History

WebChron: The Web Chronology Project (David Koeller)
Why Did Human History Unfold Differently on Different Continents for the Last 13,000 Years: A Talk with Jared Diamond (John Brockman, Edge 14, 23 Apr 1997)
Women In World History Curriculum (dir. Lyn Reese)
World Civilizations: An Internet Classroom and Anthology
(Richard Hooker et al., Washington State University)
World Civilizations: 1500 to Present
(Christopher Hollister, UB Libraries)
World Civilizations: Prehistory to 1500
(Christopher Hollister, UB Libraries)
World Civilizations Student Resource Center (Houghton Mifflin)
World History Connected (The History Cooperative)
World History (TEAM)
World History Archives
World History Association
World History Blog (Evan Williams, San Francisco)
World History Chart (Andreas Nothiger, HyperHistory)
World History Connected | The e-Journal of Learning and Teaching (Hawaii Pacific University)
World History for Us All (dir. Ross Dunn, San Diego State University)
World History in Context (David Christian, Journal of World History 14(4):437-52, Dec 2003) PDF
World History Links (Lowell J. Greenberg)
World History Matters: A Portal to World History Sites (Center for History and New Media)
World History Network
World History of Democracy (ed. Steven Muhlberger)
World History Resource
World History Syllabus - An Entire Course
(Killeen Harrker Heights, Texas)
World Timelines (British Museum)

See also Timelines

[Up] [Down]

The Twentieth Century

13 July. Said good-bye early to Hahn. Ring. Met Coster at the station. In Nieuwe Schans the customs officer was informed. 6 P.M. Groningen.
Lise Meitner (from her diary, 13 July 1938) [See Note]

One dare not look back, one cannot look forward.
Lise Meitner (from a letter to Dirk Coster, 9 August 1938)

As long as I don't read the newspapers, I feel fine.
Lise Meitner (from a letter to James Franck, 19 June 1959)

We got through the Red Sea, and we'll get through the Brown Shit.


BBC Education - Modern World History
Canada in the 20th Century (CBC Millennium)
Canadian Century Research Infrastructure (Chad Gaffield et al.)
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
A Century's Retrospective: The H-Ideas Year 2000 Book Review Project
A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict
(Steve York et al., PBS, Sep 2000)
GEMOnline: Historic Events of the 20th Century
Historical Atlas of the 20th Century (Matthew White)
In Our Time (Melvyn, Baron Bragg of Wigton, BBC Radio 4)
The Legacy Project
Links2Go: 20th Century
The Living Century: The Extraordinary Lives of Ordinary People (PBS)
Peoples Archive (Vitek & Tamara Tracz et al.)
People's Century (PBS)
20th Century History (Jennifer Rosenberg, About.com)
20C History (Susan Walker)
Twentieth Century Moments (Discovery Online)
20c TIME 100: 1900 vs. Now
The Washington Post: 20th Century

The Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905 (Russo-Japanese War Research Society)
Make the Dirt Fly! The Panama Canal
American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition, May 1909 - November 1915
Clash of Cultures in the 1910s and 1920s (eHistory at OSU) .
Art of the First World War (UNESCO)
Canada and the Great War, 1914 to 1918 (John Stephens)
Canada at War: Canada in World War II & The Great War (WWII.ca)
CBC News Indepth: First World War (CBC News Online, 16 Aug 2006)
First world war (Guardian and Observer, London)
First World War Centenary (Imperial War Museums)
FirstWorldWar.com (Michael Duffy)
First World War - The Heritage of The Great War 1914-1918
(Rob Ruggenberg)
The Great War (PBS)
The Great War (Tony's HomePage)
The Great War Archive | First World War Digital Poetry Archive (University of Oxford)
The Great War, a film by Brian McKenna (Galafilm, Montreal, 2007)
-- CBC-TV (8-9 Apr 2007)
The Great War 1914-1918 (Beck Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia)
The Great War, 1914-1918 (Joanna Legg & Graham Parker)
IPL Pathfinder: World War I History
(Stephen Bollinger, Internet Public Library)
Lusitania Online (Mitch Peeke et al., The Lusitania Historical Society)
1914 - 1918 Illustrated First World War Timeline & News Archive - WW1 Centenary (Illustrated London News)
1914-18 War - Art of the First World War (UNESCO)
Old Contemptible's Great War Website (Paul Hinckley)
Vimy Ridge Remembered (CBC News In Depth, 30 Mar 2007)
World War One (The British Library)
World War I (Isaac Rosenberg Site)
The World War I Document Archive (Jane Plotke et al., Brigham Young University)
World War I - Trenches on the Web (Mike Iavarone)
Despatches From Gallipoli: Scenes from a Remote War (National Library of Australia)

Do you remember the rats; and the stench
Of corpses rotting in front of the front-line trench --
And dawn coming, dirty-white, and chill with a hopeless rain?
Do you ever stop and ask, 'Is it all going to happen again?' ...
Siegfried Sassoon

The Russian Revolution (David Barnsdale)
The Jazz Age Page (R. Richard Savill)
Student Activism in the 1930s (Robert Cohen & Thomas Thurston)
The American Experience | Surviving the Dust Bowl
(Chana Gazit, PBS, 1998)
Hitler: The Rise of Evil (CBS, 18 & 20 May 2003) .
Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA) - Home Page
Canada at War: Canada in World War II & The Great War (WWII.ca)
Children of World War 2 (BBC)
Churchill Speech Interactive (mwr, Mackenzie Ward Research Ltd., Winchester)
Democracy at War: Canadian Newspapers and the Second World War
(Norman Hillmer & Own A. Cooke et al., WarMuseum.ca)
From Swastika to Jim Crow (Joel Sucher & Steven Fischler, PBS)
The Iconography of Hope: The 1939-40 New York World's Fair
Historic Government Publications from WWII: A Digital Library
(Southern Methodist University, Dallas)
HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web (Patrick Clancey, US)
IPL Pathfinder: World War II History
(Lija Bentley, Internet Public Library)
Museum of World War II, Natick, MA (dir. Kenneth W. Rendell)

Second world war (Guardian and Observer, London)
The Second World War - Veterans Affairs Canada
The Valour and The Horror - World War Two
World War II (BBC Online)
World War II (Chris Meyers, Suite 101)
World War II (Don Mabry, HTA)
World War II, analyzed! (Dave Depickere)
World War II Archive (Patch High School)
World War II Commemoration (Grolier)
World War II: The Greatest Battle in History (Chris Meyers)
World War II Links on the Internet (University of San Diego)
World War II Maps (University of San Diego)
World War II on the Web (Mark Conrad)

World War II Preservation Society
WW2 People's War (BBC)
The WWII Sounds & Pictures Page (James Charles Kaelin)
World War Two Timeline ... The Beat
World War 2, WW2, WWII, World War II (Telegraph)
The Aerial Reconnaissance Archives (Keele University)
Maple Leaf Up! (Geoff Winnington-Ball)
Alternative Service in the Second World War: Conscientious Objectors in Canada, 1939-1945 (Mennonite Heritage Centre, Winnipeg)
U-Boat Net - The U-Boat War, 1939-1945 (Guömundur Helgason)
NOVA Online | Decoding Nazi Secrets (PBS)
NOVA Online | Nazi Prison Escape
World War II in the Pacific (J. Bauer)
Dunkirk Remembered (BBC News)
Remembering the Blitz, 7 Sep 1940 - 11 May 1941 (Museum of London)
The Battle of Britain - 1940 (Alan L. Putland)

Remembering the Battle of Britain (Ernie Burton)
The Royal Air Force - The Battle of Britain History Site
Avro Lancaster Bomber FM159 (P. J. Whitfield)
B-17 Flying Fortress (Boeing)
Remembering Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941 (National Geographic)
A Day That Will Live in Infamy: The Bombing of Pearl Harbor
(ThinkQuest Junior)
The Dieppe Raid - Pilgrimage: 1942-2002
(Veterans Affairs Canada)
First Special Service Force (Alastair Neely)
Band of Brothers (HBO, 2001)
Band of Brothers (TIME Classroom)
D-Day on the Web (Tim Spalding)
D-Day 6th. June 1944 (Eddie Clarke, UK)
Untold Stories of D-Day (Thomas B. Allen, National Geographic Magazine, Jun 2002)
Normandy: 1944 (Encyclopædia Britannica)
Juno Beach - The Canadians On D-Day (Doug Lane)
Juno Beach Centre (The Canada Normandy Project)
Bomber Command: Dresden, February 1945 (RAF Bomber Command 60th Anniversary)
Bombing of Dresden (John Simkin, Spartacus Educational)
The Bombing of Dresden: Historical Analysis of the 14-15 February 1945 Bombings of Dresden (USAF Historical Division)
The Dresden Legend (Rebecca Grant, Air Force Magazine 87:10, Oct 2004)
The Fire-bombing of Dresden: An eye-witness account
(Lothar Metzger, Berlin, May 1999)
Winston Churchill and Dresden (National Archives, UK)
The United States Strategic Bombing Survey: Summary Report (European War), September 30, 1945
The Final Months of the War with Japan (Douglas J. MacEachin, Center for the Study of Intelligence)

Will it be so again
That the brave, the gifted are lost from view,
And empty, scheming men
Are left in peace their lunatic age to renew?
Will it be so again?
Cecil Day-Lewis

Academic Info: History of The Bomb & the Nuclear Age (Mike Madin)
Atomic Archive (AJ Software & Multimedia)
The Atomic Testing Museum (University of Nevada, Las Vegas)
New light on Hitler's bomb (Rainer Karlsch, Physics World, Jun 2005)
The Heroes of Telemark (Norsk Hydro, Oslo)
NOVA | Hitler's Sunken Secret (dir. Duncan Copp, PBS, 8 Nov 2005)
The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II: A Collection of Primary Sources (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 132, ed. William Burr, 5 Aug 2005)
Atomic Bomb: Decision (Hiroshima-Nagasaki) (ed. Gene Dannen, Corvallis, Oregon)
Atomic Bomb: Decision - Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 - Eyewitness Accounts (ed. Gene Dannen, Corvallis, Oregon)
First atomic blast proposed as start of Anthropocene (Richard Monastersky, Nature News & Comment, 16 Jan 2015)
LANL Research Library: History (Los Alamos)
The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History (Office of History and Heritage Resources, U.S. Department of Energy)
Manhattan Project Voices (Atomic Heritage Foundation/Los Alamos Historical Society)
-- Review (Web life, Physics World, 27 Feb 2014)
Canada's Role in the Atomic Bomb... (Gordon Edwards)
A-Bomb Bibliography: The Physicists and the Bomb
(T. Michael Sanders)
A-Bomb WWW Museum (Mitsuru Ohba & John Benson)
The Hanford Site Historic District (U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Cultural Resources Program)
Radiation Effects Research Foundation
(Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission)
The Race to Build the Atomic Bomb: A Resource for Teachers and Students (Doug Prouty)
Doctor Atomic: How We All Learned to Make The Bomb (Scientific American, 13 Oct 2008)
-- Oppenheimer the Opera: A review of Doctor Atomic (Michael Shermer, Scientific American Blog, 11 Nov 2008)
A Bomb is Dropped... (Robert Fishtrom, WebQuest)
Cyber Exhibit: Enola Gay and the Atomic Bomb
(The Last Act: The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II)
Enola Gay Archive: The Enola Gay and the Smithsonian
(Air Force Association)
The Enola Gay Controversy (Lehigh University)
Hiroshima Links (Microfusion, Australia)
Hiroshima Anniversary (CBC News Indepth)
Atomic Bomb Disease Institute, Nagasaki
Remembering Nagasaki
The Nagasaki Peace Declaration
Nagasaki City | Peace & Atomic Bomb | Atomic Bomb Survivors (Nagasaki Foundation for the Promotion of Peace)
Children of the Atomic Bomb: A UCLA Physician's Eyewitness Report and Call to Save the World's Children (James N. Yamazaki, Asian American Studies Center, University of California at Los Angeles)
Bikini Atoll
The Bureau of Atomic Tourism
Nevada Test Site Oral History Project (University of Nevada, Las Vegas)
Historical Nuclear Weapons Test Films (US DOE/NV)
The Nuclear Files (Nuclear Age Peace Foundation)
Nuke Pop Home Page (Paul Brians)
The Atomic Age at 50
Trinity: 50 Years Later | A Blinding Dawn (Larry Calloway & Fritz Thompson, Jul 1995)

Shall it be so again?
Call not upon the glorious dead
To be your witnesses then.
The living alone can nail to their promise the ones who said
It shall not be so again.
Cecil Day-Lewis

All Things Atomic | The Golden Age of Homeland Security
(Ken Sitz, CONELRAD, Los Angeles)
CNN - Cold War
The Cold War (Alex Rubin)
Cold War Connection (David A. Hounshell, CMU)
The Cold War Era Civil Defense Museum (Eric Green)
Cold War Hot Links: Web Sources Relating to the Cold War
(David H. Price)
Cold War International History Project (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC)
The Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Online (Harvard College Library)
CONELRAD: All Things Atomic (Ken Sitz & Bill Geerhart)
Diefenbunker - Canada's Cold War Museum
Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact
The American 1950s: The Literature & Culture of the American 1950s
(Alan Filreis, UPenn)
NOVA Online | Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies
(Tug Yourgrau, PBS, 5 Feb 2002)
-- Treasonous Idealism (Review by Chet Raymo, Scientific American 286:2:96-7, Feb 2002)
The VENONA Home Page (U.S. National Security Agency)
A Concrete Curtain: The Life and Death of the Berlin Wall
(Pierre Dousset et al.)
Fast Attacks & Boomers: Submarines in the Cold War
Red Files (PBS Online)
Fourteen Days in October: The Cuban Missile Crisis
The Real Thirteen Days: The Hidden History of the Cuban Missile Crisis (NSA)
The Cuban missile crisis (Foreign Policy, Sep 2012)
The Underwater Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Submarines and the Risk of Nuclear War (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 399, ed. Thomas Blanton et al., 24 Oct 2012)
Mikoyan's "Mission Impossible" in Cuba: New Soviet Evidence on the Cuban Missile Crisis (Svetlana Savranskaya et al., eds., National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 400, 27 Oct 2012)
Dubious Secrets of the Cuban Missile Crisis (William Burr, ed., National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 457, 21 Feb 2013)
The Armageddon Letters (ed. Karen Lynch, National Security Archive, 1 Oct 2012)
-- The Armageddon Letters (Balsillie School of International Affairs, Oct 2012)
To the Geneva Summit: Perestroika and the Transformation of U.S.-Soviet Relations (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 172, ed. Svetlana Savranskaya & Tom Blanton, 22 Nov 2005)

Where They Were (Robert S. Norris et al., Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Nov/Dec 1999)
-- National Security Archive Companion Page
Gulf of Tonkin (U.S. National Security Agency, 30 Nov 2005)
The Gulf of Tonkin Incident, 40 Years Later: Flawed Intelligence and the Decision for War in Vietnam (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 132, ed. John Prados, 4 Aug 2004)
The CIA's Vietnam Histories (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 284, ed. John Prados, 26 Aug 2009)
History of Vietnam and the Vietnam War (Vets With a Mission)
Vietnam: Echoes from the Wall (Teach Vietnam)
The Vietnam Project (Texas Tech University)
The Vietnam War Declassification Project
Vietnam War Era Ephemera Collection (University of Washington, Seattle)
The Virtual Vietnam Archive (Texas Tech University)
Estimative Products on Vietnam, 1948-1975 (CIA, 2 May 2005)
Nixon White House Considered Nuclear Options Against North Vietnam (William Burr & Jeffrey Kimball, eds., National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 195, 31 Jul 2006)
The Civil Rights Movement: A Black History Celebration
(George Cassutto et al., North Hagerstown High School, Maryland)
The Civil Rights Movement: Sites for students and researchers
(Cass Kvenild, ALA C&RL News 65:8, Sep 2004)
Powerful Days: The Civil Rights Photography of Charles Moore
Radical Times: The Antiwar Movement of the 1960s (ThinkQuest)
The American Experience | Meltdown at Three Mile Island (PBS/WGBH)
Three Mile Island: The Inside Story (Smithsonian National Museum of American History)
Frontline: Russian Roulette (PBS)
European Integration (Guardian Unlimited Special Report)
European Integration History Index
(Tobias Witschke, WWW-VL)
Archive of European Integration (ed. Phil Wilkin, University of Pittsburgh)
Frontline | The Tank Man (Antony Thomas, PBS, 11 Apr 2006)
Wang Weilin (Andrew Ho)
Frontline: The Gulf War (PBS, 9 Jan 1996)
Gulf War Debriefing Book (Andrew Leyden)
Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Desert Shield/Desert Storm
(Sue Goodman, USAF Air University Library, Sep 1994)
Operation Desert Storm: Ten Years After (ed. Jeffrey T. Richelson, National Security Archive, 17 Jan 2001)
Fog of War: The 1991 Air Battle for Baghdad
(ed. William M. Arkin, Washington Post, 1998)

If we survive, our time will be famous for two reasons: that at this dangerous moment of technological adolescence we managed to avoid self-destruction; and because this is the epoch in which we began our journey to the stars.
Carl Sagan
See also State of the World and Timelines

Note: The three quotations from Lise Meitner are from the biography by Ruth Lewin Sime, Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics (University of California Press, 1996). The anonymous quote following will likely be recognized by any survivor of the Holocaust, or by those who choose to remember.

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